Organized Crime

April 4th, 2011 by admin

Organized Crime

There Is More To A Criminal Justice Education Than Parking Violations

Crime can be found in every corner of the world. There are some crime organizations that extend their influence into many areas of the world at once. These syndications, often referred to as organized crime families, the Mob or Mafia, and Cartels are responsible for nearly a trillion dollars worth of criminal activity each year. With a criminal justice degree, you may decide to focus on fighting this type of crime.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has distinguished 3 main crime syndicates in the world. This includes the Italian Mafia, the Russian Mob and the Mexican Cartel.

The Italian Mafia has five distinct branches:
• Sicilian Branch which mainly deals with arms trading and heroin smuggling
• Camorra Branch, the largest group, that specializes in blackmail and money laundering
• Calabrian Branch, known for bombings and kidnappings
• Saca Coronoa Unita which deals in human trafficking and extortion
• La Cosa Nostra, or the American Mafia, is the smallest group of the Italian Mafia. 80% of American Mafia members reside in New York City.

The Russian Mob is a very large organization and is involved in many different crime rings throughout the world.
• Responsible for providing submarines to South American drug dealers for smuggling purposes
• Laundering money for the Mexican Cartel
• Controlling 90% or more of the illegal gun and drug sales in Spain
• Works with Italian Mafia to control 100% of Italy’s agricultural industry
• Moves 80 tones a year of Heroin out of China
• Smuggles more than 100,000 people a year from China into America
• Is connected to nearly 30 million other organized crime members
• Is the leading backer of the Nigerian mob, which costs Americans over 2 billion a year in fraud scams
• Nigeria is responsible for 90% of the world’s heroin production

The Mexican Drug Cartel, while becoming more violent in nature recently, has generally kept their criminal activity to two main areas:
• Responsible for almost 100% of all cocaine that enters into the United States
• Over 25 billion dollars a year in money laundering.

These are serious figures, and serious crimes. With a criminal justice education you can make a difference in these statistics. A degree does not limit you, it provides you with a way to make a difference.

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The Worst U.S. College Crime Areas

April 4th, 2011 by admin

 

The Worst U.S. College Crime Areas

“University Crime Statistics Visualized” is an infographic featuring data on crimes committed on US college campuses in 2008. The data was collected and organized into the chart by DegreeScout. The infographic contains some surprisingly comprehensive information on the subject of crime on our college campuses. Some of the information may come as a shock to some people, while some probably won’t come as a big surprise.

The infographic begins by giving us the statistics for various crimes that occurred on campuses across the country in 2008. The offenses are categorized as “Violent Crimes,” Theft and Petty Crimes,” “Sexual Asault and Rape,” “Drug and Alcohol Related Crimes,” “Hate Crimes,” and “Special Crimes.” For the most part, this shows us statistics of these crimes without going into much detail. It turns out that there was relatively little violent criminal acts such as murder, manslaughter, and assault on campuses in 2008, while there was large number of drug and alcohol related offenses and petty crimes such as burglary and robbery. There were also many instances of sexual assault, but those statistics are surprisingly low compared to the other statistics presented.

The “Special Crimes” section deserves a special mention, as it compiles data on campus shooting incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2008. It states that there have been 65 people killed and 46 people wounded in shootings on college campuses during that time. It then goes on to give detailed descriptions on many of these shootings. There’s a distressingly long list of these violent shootings, and the accounts of the acts are indeed disturbing. It’s still makes for some fascinating reading for those who are interested in studying criminal justice.

The last section is dedicated to showing us a map of the worst college crime areas in the US. The worst offender is UC Santa Barbara in California, with 1,019 property crimes per 1,000 residents.

It’s all fascinating stuff, and it may make prospective college students think twice about where they want to continue their education.

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Crime Rates in Pro Sports

April 4th, 2011 by admin

Crime Rates in Pro Sports

Achieving the dream of playing in a professional team in the NBA, NFL or MLB does not seem to inspire some people to respect the law. In fact, the opposite seems true for some players, as the statistics of crimes committed by professional sports players reveal. Criminal justice meets the bright lights of fame when these two worlds collide.

Players have been arrested for betting and gambling, using steroids, bribery, violence and murder, theft, fraud, using drugs, DUIs, illegal possession of weapons, reckless driving, disorderly conduct, and sexual assault, solicitation and indecent exposure. For all three leagues, violence/murder and drug use are the most common crimes committed by players.

Steroid use has been a major problem reported by the MLB. In 2003, the MLB reported that between 5 and 7 percent of all anonymous tests on players came back positive for steroid use. Players like Mark Maguire, Barry Bonds and Jose Canseco have admitted to using steroids. Canseco went as far as claiming that 85 percent of the other players also used steroids.

NFL players seem to be the most inclined to break the law. In the last ten years, the Cincinnati Bengals have led the NFL in arrests, at over 30 arrests. They are followed closely by the Minnesota Vikings, with about 30 arrests. The top ten list continues with the Denver Broncos, Jacksonville Jaguars, Kansas City Chiefs, Miami Dolphins and Tennessee Titans with about 25 arrests each. It is rounded out by the San Diego Chargers with just over 20 arrests, the Cleveland Browns, with about 20 arrests, and finally the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, with just under 20 arrests.

In 2010, the NFL experienced 507 arrests of its players. Since 2000, about 1 in 45 NFL players get arrested each year and many of these arrests are the result of some form of drunken driving. The NFL players with the highest numbers of arrests are Adam “Pacman” Jones, with 6 arrests, Chris Henry and Terry “Tank” Johnson, with 4 arrests each and David Boston with 3 arrests. Since 2000, 8 NFL players have tied for the dubious distinction of having 3 arrests each.

NFL players have also served more time in jail than players in other leagues, though “Fast” Eddie Johnson, a NBA player, is serving life. MLB players have served the least time, with only Dwight Gooden and Darryl Strawberry being convicted, serving 1 year and 11 months respectively.

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Phone Crimes

April 1st, 2011 by admin

 

Phone Crimes

The information in this graphic would be of particular interest to anyone who may be planning some activities that would be best left untraceable. Pre-paid cell phones are common tools to help in accomplishing these tasks, since they conveniently have no long-term plan requirements. Even criminal apprehension is less of a barrier to communication that many people may think. The recently-tallied numbers of pre-paid phones that made it past prison security are rather impressive. For the savvy comparison shopper, the chart titled “Running the Streets” breaks down the available pre-paid minute plans by provider, including Tracfone, T-Mobile, and Verizon.

Obtaining a pre-paid cell phone may soon require the inconvenience of providing photo identification and national registration. Some countries already have such laws in place, with more intending to follow suit in the near future. When it comes to this needed tool in the average law-breaker’s arsenal, time is apparently of the essence. Since these certain users will only be using their phones for a short amount of time, they are advised to get one with a low number of minutes, conduct their business dealings, and then get rid of the phone as soon as possible.

Untraceable pre-paid cell phones are not confined to the average street crime activities. They have also played a crucial role in certain under-the-table white collar business deals as well. Phones with low minutes and one-day to one-week use limits have allowed the sale of stock tips for a major hedge fund, netting its participants a healthy multi-million dollar profit. In these cases, a quality data plan makes sending stock data much easier and quicker for busy Wall Street players. Some providers have one-day data plans that cost as little as $1 for a single day of use. As with other shady dealings, time management skills can go a long way in getting the most out of one of these pre-paid plans before the phones need to be dropped off a bridge or into a trash can.

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Crime Rankings Across the US

April 1st, 2011 by admin

Crime Rankings Across the US

Detroit is a city that commonly gets its reputation as the worst of the worst with regard to crime. But according to recent statistics, the city actually performs better in some categories of crime than several other US cities. Rankings here are given for ten categories of crime, like Arson, Murder, Larceny, and Assault, and are based on crimes per 100,000 members of the population. A high ranking in a category means there is more crime there.

For example, in Total Property Crime, Detroit ranks nineteenth in the nation, with nearly 6,000 incidents per 100,000 people. By comparison, Memphis and Atlanta rank number two and number three in that category, respectively. And in the Larceny-Theft category, Detroit ranks sixty-forth in the nation, behind other more theft-prone cities like San Antonio.

In fact, the worst city in these rankings, St Louis, appears to be as about twice as bad as Detroit, at least by some measures. Compared as a whole, St Louis ranks in the top three for a whopping eight different categories, and holds number one rankings for three different categories: Total Violent Crime, Aggravated Assault, and Total Property Crime. Detroit, by comparison, ranks in the top three for four of the categories, and holds no number one rankings. Other cities that hold number one rankings include Oakland, California, with most Motor Vehicle Theft; Toledo and Cleveland with Arson and Robbery; Memphis with Burglary; and New Orleans, Louisiana, ranked number one in Murder.

However, while it seems clear that Detroit certainly isn’t the worst, any good student of criminal justice will tell you that Detroit still has a crime problem. Compared to the national ranking of US cities – and there are a lot of US cities – Detroit is still in the top ten worst for seven categories of crime. Furthermore, these numbers don’t tell us whether crime in Detroit is increasing, decreasing, or remaining relatively steady. What these numbers do perhaps remind us, though, is that there are many large cities in the US that struggle with crime, and among them, there might not be as big a reason as we thought to single out Detroit.

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Death Penalties – For or Against?

April 1st, 2011 by admin

Death Penalties – For or Against?

For many decades, the death penalty has been a topic of controversy; not only in the United States, but also in other countries around the world. In past centuries, almost every country had a strict death penalty. In some countries, people had to do very little to earn a death sentence. Some individuals were wrongly put to death simply on grounds of suspicion. When this was discovered, many countries began evaluating their death penalty policies. Amendments were made, rules were changed and many of the countries have abolished the penalty now.

Some of the first countries to ban the death penalty were ones that most people would least expect. Venezuela was the first to abolish it in 1863. Two years later, San Marino also abolished it. Costa Rica followed in 1877, Panama in 1903 and Ecuador in 1906. Canada, Mexico and most of South America no longer use the death penalty, with the exception of Guyana, which still does. Guatemala and the United States still use capital punishment.

The northeastern countries in Africa still force the death penalty, but most of the western countries have abolished it, with the exceptions of Sierra Leone and Guinea, which use shooting and hanging as methods of capital punishment. Western Sahara has abolished the death penalty, but still allows it for some special cases. All of the countries on the south tip of Africa have abolished capital punishment, but the middle countries have not. Although they haven’t abolished it, they have not carried out any executions in over 10 years.

Europe has abolished the death penalty in almost every country. The Baltic state of Latvia still allows capital punishment for some special cases. Belarus allows the penalty and has laws enacted that support it. Russia still uses the death penalty, but hasn’t executed anyone in over 10 years. Currently there is much controversy about capital punishment there. Legislation is being proposed to reinstate it, but the Constitutional Court has refused to approve it.

Countries in Asia and the Middle East still use the death penalty. Most Middle Eastern countries have stricter laws than any other area in the world for reasons to execute people. The Philippines, Cambodia and Australia have all abolished the death penalty and do not use any form of capital punishment. New Zealand also does not use the death penalty. Myanmar and Laos have death penalty provisions, which have not been used in over 10 years.

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End Internet Fraud

April 1st, 2011 by admin

End Internet Fraud

Internet credit card fraud is a growing concern in the modern world. Police agencies, courts, and lawyers are scrambling to keep up with all of the activity. If you like computers and technology and have a desire to help society and your community, studying at a criminal justice school may be the perfect option for your education. The future for graduates of a criminal justice college is very bright. It does not look like the Internet credit card fraudsters will be letting up anytime soon. Just take a look at some of these amazing facts and statistics:

In 2008, over 40 million people in the UK were regular users of the Internet, and of those, 65 percent reported to shop online. 11 million British residents reported that they shop online a minimum of twice per week. The average amount spent is £1,660. A reported 71 percent of Internet shoppers are concerned about their security. This concern is not without reason because over one-third of all consumers have been the victim of online credit card fraud at least once. In London alone, there were over 66,000 cases of online credit card fraud valued at £18 million in 2008.

Credit card fraud is not only a threat to consumers, but it is a threat to businesses. Consumers who discover they were victims of fraud can report it and have the charges reversed by the credit card company. However, it is not the credit card company paying for the stolen merchandise or services. It is the businesses. They are forced to give refunds to the consumer in case of fraud and take the loss.

One of the most active times of year for Internet fraud is Valentine’s Day. In the days leading up to February 14, the average amount of credit card fraud is twice what the average person spends on gifts when paying for them legitimately. Also, fraudsters spend an average of £44 for a bottle of champagne, whereas the average consumer only spends £30. Some fraudsters like to purchase expensive first-class airfare for Valentine’s Day. The most popular destinations are Cairo, Madrid, and Dubai.

Most UK Internet credit card fraud is committed by people from outside of the UK. This has prompted many business owners to ban sales to specific countries. The countries with the highest rates of credit card fraud are as follows:

1. Nigeria
2. Ghana
3. Malaysia
4. Indonesia
5. Russia

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Famous Crimes

April 1st, 2011 by admin

Famous Crimes

The informative yet morbid Famous Crime infographic provides some fascinating facts on some of the most famous and high-profile murder cases in the history of the United States, from the unsolved murder of Elizabeth “The Black Dahlia” Short in 1947 to more recent cases such as the Columbine massacre in 1999. The infographic begins by discussing the nature of evil and asks if it is in the nature of the individual or or if it is a force that is more powerful when applied to more than one person. After this intriguing query on the true nature of evil, it goes on to describe those that have shown “…the same amount of hatred and sadism by torturing their victims and showing no compassion or remorse.” The infographic then goes on to describe the violent history of several famous individuals as well as our society’s response to their grisly acts.

The descriptions offered of the violent crimes and their individuals are relatively short, but they are also all surprisingly informative. Naturally, there’s only so much information that the author could have included, but it is all very fascinating. It is most definitely not for the faint of heart, however. These are some very violent crimes, and few people would hesitate to call these criminals anything less than truly evil. Several serial killers, such as Ted Bundy, the Zodiac Killer, and David Berkowitz (AKA the Son of Sam), are included on this list. They’re all fascinating reads for criminology buffs.

Another fascinating aspect of this is that it also explains some of the societal implications of these violent crimes. Among other things, it explains how the rape and murder of 9 year-old Jessica Lunsford in 2005 led to the creation of Jessica’s Law in Florida and 42 other states as well as the impact of the 1999 Columbine High School Massacre.

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Facts About Incarceration

March 2nd, 2011 by admin

prison-stats

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Cyber Crime Statistics

March 2nd, 2011 by admin

cyber-crimes

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